15 Interesting Facts About Horse Racing

by | 10 May 2024

Horse racing is one of the oldest and most fascinating sports in the world, with a long and rich history dating back centuries. From the majestic thoroughbreds to the roar of the crowd, there’s something magical about watching these beautiful creatures thunder down the track. Here are 15 fascinating facts about horse racing that you might not know!


1. The oldest racecourse in the world is in Chester, England

The Roodee, a horse racing track in Chester, England, holds the distinction of being the oldest racecourse still in existence. It has been hosting races since 1539, making it a venue with a deeply rooted historical significance in horse racing.


2. Thoroughbreds’ names are required to be unique

Thoroughbred horses are named based on their family line and ancestry. The Jockey Club, the organization responsible for registering racehorses, has strict naming rules. Every foal born must have a unique name, and names must not be duplicated within a five-year period. This tradition ensures that each horse maintains its individual identity and reflects its lineage with a distinct name.


3. Thoroughbred horse John Henry was the first to win over $4 million

John Henry, the legendary Thoroughbred racehorse, left an indelible mark on the sport. Winning an astonishing 39 races, John Henry became the first horse to earn over $4 million in prize money. His remarkable career and earnings cemented his status as one of the most successful racehorses of all time.

Related: The Top 5 Greatest Australian Racehorses of All Time


4. The highest-priced horse ever sold at auction is Green Monkey

In the world of thoroughbred sales, Green Monkey stands as a remarkable and record-breaking example. This two-year-old Thoroughbred was sold for a staggering $16 million in 2006, making him the highest-priced horse ever sold at auction.


5. Winning Brew holds the Guinness world record for fastest thoroughbred horse

The speed at which thoroughbred horses can sprint is truly beyond human comprehension. The fastest recorded speed by a Thoroughbred on an official race day is 43.97 miles per hour — and that horse’s name is Winning Brew!


6. All racehorses have the same birthday

Despite being born on different dates throughout the year, all racehorses officially share the same birthday in the Northern Hemisphere. In the world of horse racing, regardless of whether a foal is born in January or June, its official birthday is considered to be January 1st. This convention simplifies the age calculation process and ensures uniformity in the age categories for racing competitions.


7. Over 60,000 Thoroughbred horses are born annually

The world of horse racing sees an astonishing number of newcomers every year! However, only a small percentage of them make it to the racetrack, showcasing the immense challenges and competitive nature of the industry.


8. Horse racing is the second most-watched sport in the UK

Horse racing holds a significant place in the hearts of sports enthusiasts, particularly in the United Kingdom. In terms of viewership, horse racing ranks as the second most-watched sport in the UK, following football (soccer). The sport’s rich heritage, thrilling races, and deep-rooted traditions contribute to its enduring popularity among fans.


9. Jockeys adhere to strict physical requirements

Jockeys play an integral role in horse racing, and their physical attributes have certain limitations. To ensure that horses are not burdened with excess weight, jockeys must adhere to strict size and weight restrictions. They are generally required to be no taller than 5’6″ and weigh less than 126 pounds, allowing the horses to perform at their best with a suitable jockey aboard.

Related: 10 Fascinating Facts about Jockeys That you Didn’t Know

10. A thoroughbred racehorse’s heart is 40% larger than a regular horse’s heart

Racehorses are renowned for their exceptional athleticism, and one of the key factors contributing to their performance is their heart size. Unlike humans, whose heart size is relatively consistent, horses exhibit significant variability in heart size. Remarkably, the legendary racehorse Secretariat, who won the Triple Crown in 1973, possessed a heart that was estimated to be twice the size of an average horse’s heart.


11. The first televised horse race was the Kentucky Derby, broadcast in 1952.

Television has played an essential role in bringing the excitement of horse racing to a wider audience. The historic broadcast of the Kentucky Derby marked a significant milestone, enabling fans to witness the exhilarating moments of the race from the comfort of their homes.

Related: 10 Grandest Horse Racing Events in the World


12. Secretariat set records that are still standing today

Many consider Secretariat to be the greatest racehorse of all time. Born in 1970, Secretariat’s legacy is etched in horse racing folklore. In 1973, he achieved the remarkable feat of winning the Triple Crown, consisting of the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes. His record-breaking victories in all three races, coupled with his grace, power, and sheer dominance, garnered him widespread acclaim and a permanent place in history.


13. The Mongol Derby is considered the longest race to finish

While horse races can vary in length and terrain, none are as gruelling and breathtaking as the Mongol Derby. Covering a staggering 600 miles of the rugged Mongolian landscape, this race is regarded as the longest in horse racing. The challenge can take up to 10 days to complete, pushing both horse and rider to their physical and mental limits in an extraordinary test of endurance.


14. There is an equestrian competition called the “Mule Jumping Contest”

In Ozark, Missouri, a unique horse race takes place that defies convention. Known as the “Mule Jumping Contest,” this event sees riders compete to see who can jump the highest fence with their mule. It adds a touch of humour and unconventional fun to the world of horse racing, showcasing the versatility and talent of these remarkable animals.


15. Horse racing is banned in several countries

Horse racing, while widely cherished, faces restrictions in certain regions due to cultural and religious beliefs. For instance, countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and North Korea have implemented bans on horse racing. These bans arise from a variety of factors, including cultural traditions, religious considerations, or governmental policies.


Horse racing truly proves to be a sport full of wonder

From the oldest racecourse to record-breaking horses, horse racing is a sport steeped in history and filled with fascinating facts. Whether you’re a long-time fan or a newbie to the world of horse racing, the sport’s rich heritage offers endless opportunities to learn and appreciate the remarkable athleticism and beauty displayed by these magnificent animals!

FREE 7-Day Trial

Try our entire system for free for 7 days.

FREE 7-Day Trial

Try our entire system for free for 7 days.

FREE 7-Day Trial

Try our entire system for free for 7 days.